- Reduce your speed gradually, keeping a straight line. Move cautiously off the road to a safe place well away from the traffic. Avlid stopping on the center divider of a highway. Park on a level spot with firm ground.
- Stop the engine and turn on your emergency flashers.
- Firmly set the parking brake and put the transmission in "P" (automatic) or reverse (manual).
- Have everyone get out of the vehicle on the side away from traffic.
- Read the following instructions thoroughly.
When jacking, be sure to observe the following to reduce the possibility of personal injury:
- Follow jacking instructions.
- Use a jack only for lifting your vehicle during wheel changing.
- Never get beneath the vehicle when supported by a jack.
- Do not start or run the engine while your vehicle is supported by a jack.
Do not continue driving with a delated tyre. Driving even a short distance can damage a tyre beyond repair.
If your vehicle is equipped with a 205/55R16 spare tyre or 225/50ZR16 spare tyre with turning direction indicators, keep the following in mind.
For the 205/55R16 spare tyre.
The 205/55R16 spare tyre is designed for temporary emergency use only.
The original 225/50ZR16 tyre should be repaired and replaced as soon as possible.
Do not use more than one 205/55R16 spare tyre at the same time.
Do not exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) when driving with the 205/55R16 spare tyre.
For the 225/50ZR16 spare tyre with turning direction indicators.
Your spare tyre is of a uni-directional type, and is intended for use on the right side on left-hand drive vehicles and the left side on right-hand drive vehicles.
If you use the spare tyre on the opposite side to the designated side, have the flat tyre repaired and replace the flat tyre with it as soon as possible.
... Required tools and spare tyre
- Get the tool bag, jack, jack handle and spare tyre.
To prepare yourself for an emergency, you should familiarize yourself with the use of the jack, each of the tools and their storage locations.
To remove the spare tyre
When storing the spare tyre, put it into place with the cuter side of the wheel facing up. Then secure the tyre by repeating the above removal steps in reverse order to prevent it from flying forward during a collision or sudden braking.
- Remove the spare tyre cover.
- Loosen the bolt and remove it.
... Blocking the wheel
- Block the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tyre to keep the vehicle from rolling when it is jacked up.
When blocking the wheel, place the wheel block from the front for the front wheels or from the rear for the rear wheels.
... Removing wheel ornament
- Remove the wheel ornament.
Pry off the wheel ornament, using the beveled end of the wheel nut wrench as shown. To avoid personal injury, fo not attempt to pull off the ornament by hand.
... Loosening wheel nuts
- Loosen all the wheel nuts.
Alwyas loosen the wheel nuts before raising the vehicle.
The nuts turn counterclockwise to loosen. To get maximum leverage, fit the wrench to the nut so that the handle is on the right side, as shown above. Grip the wrench near the end of the handle and pull up on the handle. Be careful that the wench does not slip off the nut.
Do not remove the nuts yet -- just unscrew them about one-half turn.
... Positioning the jack
- Position the jack at the correct jack point as shown.
Make sure that the jack is positioned on a level and solid place.
... Raising your vehicle
- After making sure that no one is in the vehicle, raise it high enough so that the spare tyre can be installed.
Remember you will need more ground clearance when putting on the spare tyre than when removing the flat tyre
To raise the vehicle, insert the jack handle into the jack (it is a loose fit) and turn it clockwise. As the jack touches the vehicle and begins to lift, double-check that it is properly positioned.
Never get under the vehicle when it is supported by the jack alone.
... Changing wheels
- Remove the wheel nuts and change tyres.
Lift the flat tyre straight off and put it aside.
Roll the spare wheel into position and align the holes in the wheel with the bolts. Then ligt up the wheel and get at least the top bolt started through its hole. Wiggle the tyre and press it back over the other bolts.
Before putting on wheels, remove any corrosion on the mounting surfaces with a wire brush or such. Installation of wheels without good metal-to-metal contact at the mounting surface can cause wheel nuts to loosen and eventually cause a wheel to come off while driving. Therefore after the first 1600km (1000 miles), check to see that the wheel nuts are tight.
... Reinstalling the wheel nuts
- Reinstall all wheel nuts finger tight.
Reinstall the wheel nuts and tighten them as much as you can be hand. Press back on the tyre and see if you can tighten them more
... Lowering your vehicle
- Lower the vehicle completely and tighten the wheen nuts.
Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the vehicle.
Use the wheel nut wrench to tighten the nuts. Do not use other tools or any additional leverage other than your hands, such as a hammer, pipe or your foot. Make sure the wrench is securely engaged over the nut.
Tighten each nut a little at a time in the order shown. Repeat the process untill all nuts are tight.
... Reinstalling wheel ornament
- Reinstall the wheel ornament.
Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the vehicle.
Put the wheel ornament into position and then tap it firmly with the side or heel of your hand to snap it into place.
The wheel ornament cannot be installed on the 205/55R16 tyre.
... After changing wheels
- Check the air pressure of the replaced tyre.
Adjust the air pressure to the pressure specified. If the pressure is lower, drive slowly to the nearest service station and fill to the correct pressure.
Do not forget to reinstall the tyre inflation valve cap as tyre and moisture could get into the valve core and possibly cause air leakage. if the cap is missing, have a new one put on as soon as possible.
Restow all the tools, jack and flat tyre securely.
As soon as possible after changing wheels, tighten the wheel nuts to the torque specified with a torque wrench, have a technician repair the flat tyre and replace the spare tyre with it.
This is the same procedure for changing or rotating your tyres.
Before driving, make sure all the tools, jack and flat tyre are securely in place in their storage location to reduce the possibility of personal injury during a collision or suffen braking.